The McCreas of Guernsey are descended from the Macraes of Kintail, and their connection with the main branch of that Clan, though now lost, was known so recently as [the 1830's]. (Mrs. Carey, who was born in 1819, and of whom mention is made hereafter, a daughter of Major Robert McCrea of Guernsey, was shown her own name on a family tree while on a visit as a young girl to the country house of a gentleman of the name Macrae in Scotland. Mrs. Carey died in 1878, and there does not appear at present to be any possibility of ascertaining who that gentleman was.) This connection is borne out, not only by the traditions of the family, but also by their personal appearance and features, which, in many instances, are strikingly typical of the Macraes of Kintail.
The family tradition is that in the time of the Covenanters 1 [1638 through 1660 and beyond] a certain Macrae of Kintail, who had adopted Puritanic 2 principles, left his own country, where those principles were held in great disfavor, and eventually made his way to Ireland and settled among the Puritans of Ulster. It may be pointed out that this tradition is not at all without an appearance of probability, for, although no trace of Puritanism appears in Kintail until well into the eighteenth century, yet the Macraes of Kintail were closely associated with Dingwall during the whole of the Covenanter period, and as they were deeply interested in the political and religious movements of the time, it is not at all unlikely that some of them might come under the religious influence of the neighboring family of Munro of Fowlis, who were among the most active supporters of the Covenanter movement in the highlands, and to whom the chief Macrae families of the time were closely related. (See Appendix F of the Macrae Clan Book – Alexander Macrae of Inverinate married as his second wife a granddaughter of Hector Munro of Fowlis, who died in 1603.) The adoption of Puritanic principles would, of course, be extremely distasteful not only to the Macrae vicars of Dingwall, but also to the leading Macrae families of Kintail, who were such ardent Episcopalians 3 . A Macrae holding such principles could hardly feel comfortable among his own people, and would not unnaturally seek a new home among people to whom his views would be more acceptable than they were to his own countrymen.
Whether it was the man, who left the Highlands, himself, or one of his descendants that afterwards went to America, it is uncertain, but it was probably one of his descendants. At all events, some members of the family remained behind in Ulster, where their descendants are still living. There is a tradition among the McCreas of Guernsey that one of their ancestors took part in the defense of Londonderry during the famous siege of 1689, but this ancestor may have been on the female side, as there is a further tradition of some family connection with the Rev. George Walker (One version of this tradition is, that the Rev. George Walker himself was a McCrea by birth, and that the surname Walker was only an adopted one.), who organized the defense of Londonderry on that occasion, and was afterwards killed at the Battle of the Boyne, in 1690, shortly after being nominated to the Bishopric of Derry by King William III. From Ulster a certain William McCrea (There is a tradition in the family that the ancestor who fled from Ross-shire changed his name from Macra or Macrae to McCrea, as a mark of his complete religious severance from his family, but the spelling of the name is a matter of no genealogical consequence whatever. At that time there was frequently no fixed spelling of names, and this name appears in various forms, M’Crea included in Ross-shire documents of the period.) emigrated to America, and from him the Guernsey family trace their descent as below. The McCreas of Guernsey are a family of soldiers, and have served with much distinction in every war we have been engaged in during the [19th] century. There is perhaps no other family in the United Kingdom that has held a greater number of commissions in the Army and Navy during the reign of Queen Victoria than the descendants of Major Robert McCreas of Guernsey.
William McCrea went to America about 1710 or 1715, and was an elder in White Clay Creek Church, near Newark, Delaware. His watch and seal were in the possession of his descendants in America in 1831. He married a Miss Creighton, and had a son,
The Rev. James McCrea, who was born at Lifford, in the country of Londonderry, in Ireland, before his father left that country. He is mentioned as a Presbyterian Clergyman of Scotch descent and devoted to literary pursuits. He married, first, a Miss Graham, who was dead before 1754, and, secondly, Catherine Rosebrooke, who, after his death, married Richard Macdonald. She died in July, 1813, and was buried next to her son Philip at Sanaton. By his first marriage the Rev. James had issue—
1. John, who was educated for the law, and settled in the city of Albany. "A man highly respected in his day." He was a Colonel in the American Army during the War of Independence, and was the Colonel John McCrea mentioned in connection with the murder of his sister Jane, of whom below. He died in May, 1811. He married Eva Bateman, by whom he had issue—
a. Sally, who was dead in 1831.
b. James, a Councilor at Law. He settled on a large estate at Balston, Central Saratoga, in the Province of New York, about 1816, and was alive in 1842, but appears to have left Balston for Ohio. He married and had issue—
b1. John Beckman (or Bateman), who was a lawyer at Balston in 1831.
b2. James, who was living at Balston in 1831, and was then 24 years of age.
b3. Catherine Mary, who was living at Balston in 1831, and was then 18 years of age.
b4. Stephen, who was also living at Balston in 1831. He was then 14 years of age, and was the possessor of a watch and seal which had belonged to his great-great-grandfather, William McCrea.
2. Mary, who married the Rev. Mr. Hanna, an American, and had with other issue—
a. James, who was "settled in Pennsylvania" in 1816, an Attorney-General
b. John, who was a "Member of Congress." He had a house and land "three miles south of Balston Spayor Springs," and was dead in 1816.
3. William, who also had a house and land three miles from Balston Spayor Springs, and was dead in 1816. He married "General Gordon’s sister." She was alive in 1816, and had two children, won of whom was called
a. Maria. She married a Mr. Macdonald, who was dead in 1833, and by whom she had two children, who appear to have both died young. She married, secondly, a Mr. Staat, apparently without issue. She was living in 1842.
4. Jane, died young.
5. James, who was born in 1745. He lived at Balston, and died on May 7, 1826. He married, and his wife was dead in 1816. He had issue, at least, one son,
a. John, who was a Clergyman in Ohio in 1831, and was married and his daughters.
6. Samuel, married a Miss Sloane, of New Jersey, who was dead in 1816. He settled at Balston, and had issue—
a. Samuel, who with his wife and four daughters were living at Balston in 1842. He is mentioned in that year as the only member of the McCrea family then living at Balston. According to another account, there were descendants of the McCrea family still living at Balston and in other parts of the State of New York in 1888. (Appleton’s Cyclopædia of American Biography, published at New York in 1888.) In 1842 he had issue—Mary Ann, Caroline, Elizabeth, and Jane.
b. William, dead in 1830.
c. John, living in Virginia in 1831.
d. Mary, married Judge Betts.
e. Another daughter, unmarried in 1831.
7. Gilbert, married a Miss Meshet, and had several children. He settled in Kentucky, and was dead in 1816. His widow was alive in 1842.
8. Jane, who is said to have been born at Bedminster (now [in 1899, and to this day in 2003] Lamington), New Jersey, in 1753, though there is some reason to believe that she was born before that date. [Graeme McRae’s note: Lamington is just five miles north of White House Station, where his parents, Eion and Jean moved in the 1980’s and still live in 2003. Another city within five miles of these cities is McCrea Mills, which must have been settled by other members of this family.] She is known as "The bride of Fort Edward," and was killed on Jul 27 1777, at Fort Edward, near Albany, on the Hudson River, by an Indian, under circumstances which have given her name a very prominent place in Anglo-American history. She is described, on the authority of persons who knew her, as "a young woman of great accomplishments, great personal attractions, and remarkable sweetness of disposition. She was of medium stature, finely formed, and of a delicate blonde complexion. Her hair was of a golden brown and silken luster, and, when unbound, trailed on the ground." It would be quite impossible in the limited compass of the present notice to give even a summary of all that has been written about the death of this young woman, or of the various versions which exist of that tragic occurrence. The outstanding facts are as follows : —After the death of her father, Miss McCrea, who was engaged to a young man named David James, an officer in the British Army, appears to have lived with her eldest brother, John, who, as already mentioned, was a Colonel in the American Army. As a natural result of opposite sympathies with regard to the war, there arose an estrangement between Colonel McCrea and David James. (In "The Tartans and the Clans of Scotland," with historical notes by James Grant, he is named "Jones." See also "Pictorial Field Book of the American Revolution," by B. J. Lossing.) Miss McCrea resolved, however, to remain faithful to her lover, and when the time appointed for their marriage arrived, he sent a body of loyal Indians to escort her safely from her home to the British Camp, where the marriage was to take place. But on the way two of the Indians appear to have quarreled as to who should have the honor of presenting her to the bridegroom and receiving the promised reward. In the course of the quarrel one of the Indians became furious, and resolving that if he himself could not receive the reward neither should his opponent, struck Miss McCrea on the head with his tomahawk, and killer her on the spot. He then carried the scalp of his victim into the British Camp, where it was soon recognized by the length and the beauty of the hair. On the following day her body was recovered, and buried by her brother, Colonel John McCrea. David James never recovered from the shock caused by the tragic death of his bride. Shortly afterwards he resigned his commission in the Army, and though he lived for many years he never married. Miss McCrea’s remains were removed in 1852 to the Union Cemetery, between Fort Edward and Sandy Hill, where their resting-place is marked by a marble tombstone erected by her niece, Sarah Hanna Payne, and bearing a suitable inscription.
9. Stephen, a Surgeon-General in the American Army. He married a Miss Rudyers, and was dead in 1816. He had two children, one of whom died young; the other, a daughter, married and appears to have had issue.
By his second marriage, also, the Rev. James McCrea had issue—
10. Robert, of whom below.
11. Philip, "killed in the war." He married and had a son Philip, who was living in Ohio in 1831, and had a daughter.
12. Creighton, formerly of New Jersey. He was a Captain in the 75th Highlanders, and was at the capture of Seringapatam. The family possesses a jeweled watch said to have been given to Captain Creighton by Tippoo Sahib. He also served on the Loyalist side in the American War of Independence, and was an Ensign in the 1st American Regiment (or Queen’s Rangers) in 1782. At one time he resided at Guernsey, where he made a will, but he died in America on December 10, 1818.
13. Catherine, who married a Mr. Macdonald, son of a Colonel Macdonald, of the British Army, and was alive in Ohio in 1842. She had a large family, and her husband was "just dead" in July 1813.
Robert, son of the Rev. James McCrea by his second wife, Catherine Rosebrooke, was born on November 2, 1754. He fought on the Loyalist side in the American War of Independence, and was major in the 1st American Regiment (or Queen’s Rangers) in 1782. He was severely wounded at the battle of Brandywine in 1777, and received a "pension for wounds."
He was for some time governor of Chester Castle, and in 1788 was Captain of one of six Companies of Invalides stationed in Guernsey. He afterwards became Major Commanding the 5th Royal Veterans. He is mentioned as a man of fine presence, and at the age of 75 years is said to have looked like a man of fifty (Letter dated 1831). He died at Paris on July 2, 1835, and was buried at Père La Chaise, Paris.
He married, first, Jane Coutart, a Guernsey lady of Huguenot descent, who was born on December 20, 1767, and died on April 8, 1796. He married secondly, on June 12, 1804, Sophia Le Mesurier, who was born on January 23, 1780, and died on March 8, 1860. She was a sister of General William Le Mesurier (A branch of these Le Mesuriers were formerly Hereditary Governors of the Island of Alderney.), of Old Court, Guernsey, who served in the Peninsular War. Major McCrea had issue by both marriages as below. By his first wife he had—
1. Catherine Maria, born on December 28, 1786, married Colonel Frederick Barlow, of the 61st (Gloucestershire) Regiment, at the head of which he was killed at the Battle of Salamanca, on July 22, 1812, and by him had issue one daughter,
a. Jane, who married Philip de Sausmarez, Captain R. N., a younger brother of the Seigneur de Sausmarez, a fief for centuries in the possession of the family. (The founder of the De Sausmarez family received from Henry II. The fief of Jerbourg, in the Island of Guernsey, and was appointed hereditary Captain of Jerbourg Castle, which was situated within the limits of the fief.) Captain Philip de Sausmarez entered the Royal Navy on June 18 1823, saw much service, including the China War, and retired on March 31, 1866. By him Jane Barlow had issue—
a1. Philip Algernon, born 1841, Captain West African Mail Service, and afterwards Consul at Rouen. He is married and has issue—
a2. William Howley, born 1845, died young.
a3. Lionel Andros, born 1847, entered the Royal Navy 1860, Sub-Lieutenant 1866, and was for some time engaged in the suppression of the slave trade in South East Africa. He was present at the Bombardment of Alexandria in 1882, was mentioned in dispatches, and received the Egyptian medal with the clasp for Alexandria, the Khedive’s bronze star, and the Order of Osmanjeh (fourth class). He received special promotion and the Albert and Royal Humane Society'’ medals for having, while acting as officer of the watch on June 1 1868, on H.M.S. Myrmidon, lying in Banana Creek, River Congo, jumped overboard into the shark-invested river and rescued a seaman who could not swim. He retired with the rank of Commander in 1883. He married his cousin, Mary, daughter of Frances Charlotte McCrea and George Bell, and has issue—
a4. Frederick Barlow, born in 1849, M.A., Pembroke College, Oxford, appointed on of Her Majesty’s Inspectors of Schools in 1878.
2. Mary Augusta, born on February 9 1788, married at Kinsale on December 27 1814, Lieutenant-Colonel Chilton Lambton Carter (Colonel Carter was descended from Robert Chilton of Houghton-le-Spring, who married Anne Lambton. —See Burke’s Peerage, Earl of Durham.), of the 44th Regiment, by whom she had issue—
a. John Chilton Lambton, Captain in the 53rd Regiment, sold out in 1852, and went to New Zealand. He married and left issue.
b. William Frederic, Lieutenant-Colonel of the 63rd Regiment, Knight of the Legion of Honor and of the Order of Medjidie, served in the Crimea in 1854-1855, including the Battles of the Alma, Balaclava, and Inkerman, the Expedition to Kerch, the Fall of Sebastopol, succeeding to the command of his Regiment at the last attack and the capture of Kimburn. He married, with issue, and died in 1867.
3. Rawdon (so named after his godfather, Francis Rawdon, Marquis of Hastings (Francis Rawdon, Marquis of Hastings, known successively through is career as Lord Moira and Earl of London, was descended from Sir Arthur Rawdon, Bart. Of Moira, in County Down, a man who distinguished himself in the defense of Londonderry and Enniskillen in the reign of William III. The Marquis of Hastings was not only a distinguished soldier, but also one of the most eminent of our Indian statesmen. Born 1754, died 1825. For his connection with the Macraes of Kintail, see page 137 of the Clan Book.)), born on April 5 1789, Captain in the 87th Regiment, served in the Peninsular War. He was one of the storming party at the taking of Monte Video in 1807, where he received five wounds. He was killed at the battle of Talavera on July 28 1809.
4. Robert Coutart (Admiral McCrea acquired land in Australia known as McCrea Creek, Victoria, and still held by the family.) born on January 13 1793. He was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. He was at the battle of Trafalgar, October 21 1805, on H.M.S. Swiftshire, and saw much other service. He married, on April 10 1822, Charlotte, daughter of the Rev. Nicolas Dobrèe, Rector of Ste. Marie-de-Castro, Guernsey (by his wife, who was a sister of the first Lord de Saumarez), and by her, who died on December 8 1897, in her 103rd year, had issue—
a. Robert Barlow, born on Jan 9 1823, Major-General Royal Artillery. He was present in the Revolution in Hayti, in 1859, when he landed in command of three batteries of the Royal Artillery and a detachment of the 41st Regiment, for the protection of Europeans. For his conduct on that occasion he received the brevet rank of Major, and thanks of both the English and French Government. He married, on August 9 1850, Harriet, daughter of John Maingay of Grange Villa, Guernsey, and died at Ewell, Surrey, on February 11 1897. He was buried at Candie Cemetery, Guernsey.
b. Frances Charlotte, married on February 3 1848, George Bell, of The Merrienne, Guernsey, eldest son of Thomas Bell, mentioned below, and died on July 11 1854, leaving issue—one daughter, Mary, who married her cousin, Commander L. A. de Sausmarez, as already stated.
c. James, born on February 19 1825, a Captain in the 45th Regiment, served in the Kaffir Wars of 1846-1847 and 1852-1853. He was Colonel Assistant-Adjutant-General of the Royal Guernsey Militia, and died at Grange Villa, Guernsey, on September 2 1885, in his 65th year. He married Mary Brock Potenger, and by her, who died at Guildford on January 27, 1886, had issue—
c1. Victor Coryton Dobrèe, died in infancy.
c2. De la Combe, born March 15 1857, died unmarried in Ceylon [now in the 21st century known as Sri Lanka] in 1878.
c3. Flora, married Henry Roome, with issue.
c4. Constance, died unmarried.
d. Richard Charles, born April 18 1826, Captain in the 64th Regiment. He was killed in action near Cawnpore on November 28, 1857. He is mentioned in Major-General Windham’s dispatch on that occasion as "that fine gallant young man," and was promised the Victoria Cross, had he lived to receive it. He married, on June 5 1850, Anne De la Combe, daughter of Thomas Bell, of The Merrienne, Guernsey, and by her had issue—
d1. Rawdon, born February 28 1851, late Captain 28th Regiment, now [in 1899] living in Guernsey.
d2. Julia, married Colonel Anthony Durand, Bombay Staff Corps, who served in the Indian Mutiny, 1857-1858; Abyssinian Expedition, 1867-1868; and the Afghan War, 1880. She died in India.
e. John Dobrèe, an Admiral in the Royal Navy, saw much war service, including the Baltic, 1855 (medal). He married, on May 9 1857, Marion, daughter of J. Anderson, of Cox Lodge Hall, Northumberland, and died on March 18 1883, leaving issue—
e1. Richard Francis, a Major in the Royal Artillery, married Mabel Romney.
e2. Charles Dalston, died young.
e3. Charles, a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, died at Gibraltar in 1896.
e4. John Henry, married Olive Macdonald, with issue—John Dobrèe, born 1894.
e5. Frederic, died young.
e6. Alfred Coryton, Lieutenant Indian Staff Corps, served in the Hazara Expedition in 1891, medal with clasp; and in Chitral in 1895, was with the Relief Force at the storming of the Malakand Pass, and in the action at Khar—medal with clasp. He married Emma Priestley.
e7. Florence Marian.
e8. Mary Evelyn, married Frederick W. D. Fisher, of the India Forest Service.
e9. Frances Edith, died in 1890.
f. Katherine Carterette, married on April 17 1854, Major-General John Cromie Blackwood de Butts, R. E., son of the late General Sir A. de Butts, R.E., K.C.H., with issue.
f1. Arthur John, born 1855, M.D., formerly Captain Third Royal Guernsey Light Infantry Militia, married Alice, daughter of Colonel Martindale, R.E., C.B., with issue. He died at Folkestone in February 1898, and was buried at Ewell, Surrey.
f2. Katharine Mary McCrea, born in 1855, married, in 1880, Edward Kenyon (See Burke’s Peerage, Kenyon), Major Royal Engineers, with issue—Herbert Edward; Roger de Butts, died in childhood; Kenneth, died in childhood; Catherine Mary Rose; Ellen Blackwood; Winifred Lillian; Frances Margaret.
f3. Harriet Olivia, born in 1856, married E. Fairfax Taylor, Principal Clerk and Taxing Officer, House of Lords, with issue.
f4. Annie Georgina Louisa, born 1858, married Major Norton Grant, R.E., with issue.
f5. Alice Maud Martindale, born in 1860, married Major James Henry Cowan, R.E. with issue.
f6. Frederick Robert McCrea, born in 1863, Captain Royal Artillery, served in the Burmese War in 1886-1887, was with the Indian Contingent at Suakim in 1896, and was killed in action at the Sampagha Pass, on the North-West Frontier of India, on October 29 1897. He married Katharine, daughter of Captain Travers of the 17th Regiment, with issue.
f7. Brownlow Stanley Cromie, born in 1865, M.D., M.R.C.S.
f8. Isobel Rhoeta, born 1867.
f9. Ellen Dobrèe, born 1872.
g. Rawdon, died young.
h. Mary Coutart, married on Sep 10 1856, the Rev. Haydon Aldersey Taylor, M.A., St. John’s College, Oxford, Army Chaplain, who served in the Crimea. She died on Sep 13 1890, leaving issue—
h1. Lilian Aldersey, died on Jun 4 1873.
h2. Charlotte McCrea, married Commander Edward Lloyd, R.N.
h3. Anna Katharine De Sausmarez.
h4. Haydon D’Aubrey Potenger, Major in the Gloucestershire Regiment, married.
h5. Oswald Albon Aldersey, Captain in the Duke of Wellington’s Regiment, married.
h6. Marion Louise, married Lieutenant-Colonel Davidson, of the Black Watch.
h7. Harriette Mary, married the Rev. William Philip Hurrell, M.A., Oriel College, Oxford, St. James’ Vicarage, Northampton.
h8. Frances Arabella Joyce, married George Adams Connor of Craigielaw, Long Niddry, N.B.
h9. Coutart De Butts.
h10. Leonora Eliot.
i. Harriet Amelia, married, on Sep 4 1861, Brownlow Poulter, M.A., Barrister-at-Law of Lincoln’s Inn, a Justice of the Peace, and formerly Fellow of New College, Oxford, and has issue—
i1. Rev. Donald Francis Ogilvy, M.A., of Lincoln College, Oxford.
i2. Mabel Catherine, M.B., Ch.B.
i3. Creighton McCrea, Captain Indian Staff Corps, died Mar 1896.
i4. Aline Marian.
i5. Arthur Brownlow, Cape Mounted Rifles.
i6. Muriel Alice.
i7. Douglas Ryley, Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery.
i8. Julia Harriette.
i9. Richard Charles McCrea, solicitor.
5. Jane, born Mar 9 1794, married on Oct 5 1815, Colonel George Augustus Eliot, who held a command in the British service in the American War of 1812, believed to have been then attached to the Royal Engineers. He left one son, who died young.
6. James Creighton, died in infancy in 1796.
By his second wife, Sophia Le Mesurier, Major Robert McCrea had issue—
7. Sophia Maria Creighton, born on Jun 19 1805, married Sir. Charles Payne, Bart., Captain 25th Regiment of Light Dragoons, with issue one son, died young.
8. Robert Bradford, born on Jun 18 1807. He was Captain in the 44th Regiment, and was killed at Cabul on Nov 17 1841. He married, on Aug 7 1832, Margaret Bushnan, and had issue—
a. Frederick Bradford, born on Dec 4 1833, a Major in the 8th (The King’s) Regiment, who served at the taking of Delhi in 1857, and was afterwards present in the following actions, viz., Bohundshur, Ackabad, Mynpoorie, Battle of Agra, actions of Karonge and Alumbagh, relief of the garrison of Lucknow, battles of Dec 2 and Dec 6 at Cawnpore, action of Fattehghur, and the Oude campaign of 1858. Also, was in command of details of a force of about two thousand strong at Meerun-ka-Serai for about four months, and prevented the Nana Sahib and Feroh-Shah, the son of the King of Delhi, each, on two occasions, from crossing the Ganges, and so getting into Central India. For the services rendered on those two occasions, he was thanked by the General Officers of three Divisions. He has the Indian Mutiny medal with clasps for Delhi and the Relief of Lucknow, and is a F.R.G.S, F.R.H.S., and F.I.I. In 1871 Major McCrea founded "The Army and Navy Co-operative Society," of which he has been a Managing Director ever since, and with a capital of £60,000 the Society has up to Jan 31 1898, paid in bonuses and interest, £1,297,508, and accumulated reserve funds amounting to £270,449. Major McCrea married, on Jan 24 1864, Frederica Charlotte (who died on Jun 10 1894), only daughter of Captain John Francis Wetherall, 41st Regiment, and has issue—
a1. Frederick Augustus Bradford, born on Oct 8 1865, late Captain in the Hampshire Militia.
a2. Robert George, born on Feb 24 1867.
a3. Francis Bramston, born on Nov 3 1868; married, on Oct 2 1897, Edith, daughter of Charles Arthur Patton, Marpole House, Ealing.
a4. Henrietta Mary, born on Jun 3 1872
b. Osborn Leith.
c. Henry Nepean died young.
9. Henry Torrens (so called after his godfather, Sir Henry Torrens (Major-General Sir Henry Torrens, K.C.B., a native of Londonderry, who was, in 1798, Aide-de-Camp to Lieutenant-General Whitelock, second in command to the Earl of Moira (Note, page 269 of the Clan Macrae Book) at Portsmouth, was Secretary to the Duke of Wellington during the Peninsular War. He was afterwards appointed Adjutant-General, and, while holding that office, he revised the Army Regulations and introduced many important improvements. Born 1779, died 1828.)), born Jun 15 1812, Ensign 2nd Queen’s Royals, was drowned at Bombay on Apr 21 1831, unmarried.
10. Elizabeth Carey, born Jun 10 1813, married, on Jun 14 1854, William Jones (an author) of Brent House, Brentford, Middlesex. He was Vice-Consul at Havre, and was instrumental in helping the flight of Louis Philippe, King of the French, in 1848. She died in London on Dec 31 1856, without issue.
11. Louisa Creighton, born May 3 1816, and married H. M. Arthur Jones, who afterwards took the name of Owen, a Welsh squire of Wepré Hall, near Flint. Issue—Lewis, who died young.
12. Hale Sheaff (so called after his godfather, Sir Hale Sheaff), born Apr 17 1817, and died on Sep 20 1820.
13. Martha Eliza, born on Dec 3 1819, and married, on Jun 29 1850, the Rev. Carteret Priaulx Carey, M.A., Oxon, eldest son of John Carey (The Careys of Guernsey have held a leading position there for upwards of six hundred years) of Castle Carey, Guernsey. She died on Apr 15 1878, leaving issue—
a. John Herbert Carteret of Castle Carey, Guernsey, born Apr 11 1851. He was for some time a Lieutenant in the 60th Royal Rifles, afterwards Captain and Adjutant First Royal Guernsey Infantry, and was engaged in the reorganization of the Royal Guernsey Militia; retired on War Office pension as Major (Army rang) in 1894; Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel of the Royal Guernsey Militia, 1894. He is a member of the Societé Jersiaise and a member of the Council of the Guernsey Historical and Antiquarian Society. He married, on Feb 24 1877, Isabella Anne, sole surviving child of the late James S. Scott. J.P., formerly of Lawnsdowne, Queen’s County, Ireland; with issue, twin daughters, Eleanor Katherine Matilda and Marguérite Blanche Isabel.
b. Abdiel Archibald McCrea, born on Jul 4 1852, died young.
c. Carteret Walter, born on Dec 13 1853, Lieutenant in the 74th Highlanders, Nov 12 1873, Equery to H.R.H. the Duchess of Edinburgh in Malta, Captain 1882, Major 1890. He served in the Egyptian Expedition in 1882 as Adjutant of his battalion, and was present at the Battle of Tel-el-Kebir, where his horse was wounded. He received the Egyptian War medal with clasp, the Khedive’s bronze star, and the Order of Medjidie, Fourth Class. In 1892, out of eighty competitors, he received the first prize—£100—awarded by Lord Wolseley for the best essay on the "Reorganization of the Volunteer Forces." He served as Second in Command of the Second Battalion of the Highland Light Infantry (74th Highlanders), in the North-West Indian Frontier War, 1897-1898, including operations against the Boners, commanding the infantry in the reconnaissance in the Milandri Pass, operations against the Mahmunds, Pelarzais, and Shamozais, and was with the Reserves during the operations against the Utman Khels; also in the Bonewal Campaign, 1898, including storming and capture of the Tangu Pass, and the capture and occupation of Kingergali, Jowar, Tursak, and Ambeyla. He married, on Dec 11 1890, Florence Margaret, daughter of William Ravenhill Stock, with issue—Vera Carteret Priaulx.
d. Samuel Robert, born Mar 16 1855, died young.
e. William Wilfred, born Aug 23 1856. Formerly Major in the First Royal Guernsey Light Infantry Militia. He was appointed Secretary to the British Commissioners, Egyptian States Domains, 1882, was present at the bombardment of Alexandria, and was attached to the Intelligence Department under Sir J. Goldsmid from Jul 1882 to Sep 1882, receiving the thanks of Her Majesty’s Government for his services. In 1883 he was appointed Inspector, and in 1897 Inspector-General of the Egyptian States Domains. He holds the Egyptian War medal, the Khedive’s bronze star, the Order of Osmanlieh, Fourth Class, and the Order of Medjidie, Fourth Class. He married, in 1880, Louisa Sophia, daughter of the late General Broadly Harrison, Colonel of the 13th Hussars.
14. Charlotte, born Jan 9 1822, and died Jan 16 1884. She adopted the three orphan children of her brother, Herbert Taylor.
15. Herbert Taylor (so called after his godfather, Lieutenant-General Sir Herbert Taylor, K.C.B.), born on May 3 1827. He was a Lieutenant in the 94th Regiment and Paymaster in the 43rd Light Infantry. He served in the Kaffir War 1851-1852-1853. He married, on Jan 5 1851, Elizabeth, daughter of John Carey, Castle Carey, Guernsey, and died at the Cape of Good Hope, on his way home from India on Apr 8 1855, leaving issue as below. His wife died in the Neilgherry Hills, Kotagherry, on Jul 28 1855—
a. Herbert Carey Howes, born Oct 28 1851. He married Maria, daughter of General Rolandi, of the Spanish Army, and has issue—Constance Isabella Rolandi.
b. John Frederick, born on Apr 1 1854, at Fort George, Madras. He was Surgeon-Major in the Cape Mounted Rifles. He saw much service in the Cape, won the Victoria Cross in the Basuto War, and was severely wounded in the action at Twee Fontein. He married, in 1887, Miss E. A. Watermeyer, and died on Jul 16 1894 without issue.
c. Elizabeth Charlotte, born on Jun 20 1855, and died on Dec 20 1896.
1. A "Covenanter" is a signer or adherent of the Scottish National Covenant of 1638, a document affirming Scotland's loyalty to the crown but rejecting any imposed changes to Scottish religious practices. (Definition: m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=covenanter) (Text of the Covenant: www.covenanter.org/Westminster/nationalcovenant.htm) The object of the Covenants was to band the whole nation together in defense of its religion against the attempts of the king to impose upon it an episcopal system of church government and a new and less anti-Roman liturgy. (www.newadvent.org/cathen/04457b.htm) In 1660 the monarchy was restored in England, and Charles II assumed the English throne as well as the Scottish. He chose to ignore the National Covenant and set about reinstalling Anglican bishops in Scotland and making Anglicanism the state religion, with compulsory attendance at services. Those who held out for Presbyterianism, called Covenanters, had to worship clandestinely, sometimes out in the countryside. They could be arrested if they were caught, and 167 Covenanters—122 men and 45 women—were imprisoned for two months at Dunnottar in 1685 in a castle cellar known as the Whig's Vault. The vault is still there, a long, narrow space with a single window at the end, overlooking the North Sea. Wretchedly mistreated, many of the prisoners died and were left to rot alongside the living. Those who tried to escape were tortured. (europeanhistory.about.com/library/prm/bldunnottar2.htm)
2. A "Puritan" is a member of a 16th and 17th century Protestant group in England and New England opposing as unscriptural the ceremonial worship and the prelacy of the Church of England (m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=puritan)
3. An "Episcopalian" is a member of an episcopal (i.e. governed by bishops) church, in particular the Protestant Episcopal Church, representing the Anglican communion and the Church of England. (m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary)