Complex numbers are a field, extending the reals to include the square root of -1 and its closure under multiplication and addition. Complex numbers are an extension of the reals . . . . . .
Wikipedia: Complex number
Mathworld: Complex Number
Fact archive: Complex number
Euclidean Space: complex
Euclidean Space: hypercomplex
Complex, Quaternion, Octonion, and Sedenion numbers are n-tuples of real numbers, where n=2,4,8,16, respectively.
Sums of Squares - Every positive integer can be expressed as the sum of four squares; Primes of the form 4k+1 (and their products using the Complex Product Identity) can be expressed as the sum of two squares; Primes of the form 4k+3 (and their products using the Quaternion Identity) can be expressed as the sum of four squares.
The webmaster and author of this Math Help site is Graeme McRae.