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 Skip Navigation LinksMath Help > Statistics > Statistics Glossary

 . . . . . .    

additive model

ANOVA

binomial distribution

bivariate data

bivariate descriptive statistic

boxplot

categorical data analysis

categorical variable

census - measurement of every member of a population (cf. statistical inference)

central limit theorem

Chebychev rule

coefficient of determination

conditional probability

confidence interval

continuous data

correlation

correlation coefficient

Data are numerical facts

data set

descriptive statistic

descriptive tables

discrete data

discrete distribution

distribution

Empirical rule

event

expected counts

experiment

goodness of fit

heuristic

hypergeometric distribution

hypothesis

independence

inference from sample

inferential statistic

interaction

interval estimation

Kruskal-Wallis test for k independent samples

least squares line

Mann-Whitney (Wilcoxon rank-sum) test for two independent samples

mean

model

multivariate data

negative binomial distribution

nonparametric (distribution-free) inferences

normal

normal approximation to binomial distribution

normal curve

normal distribution

numerical variable

One-way ANOVA

parameter - a numerical characteristic of a population.

percentile

point estimation

poisson distribution

population - the entire collection of individuals or measurements about which information is desired.

population correlation coefficient

probability

p-value

quantile plot

random sample of size n - a subset of n of the elements from that population where the subset is chosen in such a way that every possible subset of size n has the same chance of being selected as any other.

random variable

relative frequency

residual plots

sample - a subset of the population selected for study.

sample correlation coefficient

sampling distribution

sampling distribution of a statistic

sampling scheme

scatterplot

sign test for paired data

significance test

simple linear regression

statistic - a numerical characteristic of a sample.

statistical inference - the population is sampled (in a manner to ensure that the sample correctly represents the population).   Measurements are then taken on the sample from which parameters of the population are inferred (or generalized).

statistics - the science of collecting, organizing, and interpreting numerical facts called data to answer real-world questions.

testing a statistical hypothesis

transformed statistics

Two-way ANOVA

two-way tables

type I error

type II error

unbiased estimation

univariate data

univariate descriptive statistics

variance

Wilcoxon rank-sum (Mann-Whitney) test for two independent samples

Wilcoxon signed-rank test for paired data

Z curve

Z-score

Internet references

 

Related pages in this website

Geometry Glossary

Number Theory Glossary

Topology Glossary

 

The webmaster and author of this Math Help site is Graeme McRae.